Indian Independence Day Celebration Activities Facts 2021 – The Day of Indian Independence, the national and the most important holiday in India, is observed each year on 15th August. This day marks the independence and the formation of an ‘independent state in India from British control in 1947. Independence Day of India 15th August celebrates the subcontinent division into two distinct independent countries, India and Pakistan. We wish a “Happy India Independence Day” for every Indian.
Every year, on August 15, India celebrates its independence. On August 15, 1947, India became a free country, and a national holiday is observed to commemorate this momentous event. Before we discuss the history and facts part of India Independence Day, please read the following quick summary of India Independence Day to have a better understanding of how India got independence from the British and why it is celebrated on August 15th every year.
British dominance in India started in 1757 when the English East India Company began exercising power inside the country following the British victory at the Battle of Plassey. The East India Company governed India for nearly a century until being superseded by the British crown during the Indian Mutiny of 1857-58. (in another 100 years). The growth of Indian independence began during World War I and was led by Mohandas K. Gandhi, who advocated for a peaceful end to British rule.
When India Will Celebrate Its Independence Day In 2021:
In the year 2021 India will celebrate its 74th Independence Day on Sunday, 15th August. Officially India was declared as an independent country on Sunday, 15 August 1947.
Happy India Independence Day! – Jai Hind!
India’s Independence History – India Independence Day History:
On August 15, 1947, the Republic of India was declared an independent country from British control. Since then, the 15th of August has been celebrated as India’s Independence Day. The 15th of August is a day of rebirth for India, a new beginning. The British government handed the country back to the Indian pioneers at midnight on August 15, 1947, putting an end to a long and arduous battle. On this day in 1947, autonomous India’s first Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, hoisted the nation’s tricolor flag on the magnificent Red Fort. The day is significant in India’s history since it marks the end of British colonial authority.
Overview of India’s Independence Day – What Happened During India’s Independence Struggle?
India has been invaded several times throughout its history. Even though the bulk of the invaders made their goals known from the start, the British were able to subjugate India to their total rule and power. It all started with the British East India Company, which began as a business but quickly grew in size and power before the British government gained control of the whole country.
The British firm arrived in India as traders in the early 17th century but began intervening in Indian affairs in the 1750s. It began to evolve from a trading enterprise to a governing force after the Plassey conflict in 1757. The exploitation of indigenous resources and people began in full swing when the British stretched their arms across a large section of India. The British were primarily concerned with unifying their control and influence in India.
The British rule hurt Indians’ sociological, economic, cultural, and political lives, forcing ordinary rulers and the people to rise in revolt. Several agrarian, tribal, and political uprisings against British authority erupted, but it was the 1857 insurrection that catalyzed all resistance to foreign rule. Constantly rising consciousness, more contact with the outside world, and a desire to free the motherland sparked an organized movement near the end of the nineteenth century, which ended the 200-year-long British rule in 1947.
The English East India Company (EIC) established its first significant trade outpost in the port of Bengal in 1757, marking the beginning of British colonialism of India. The East India Business was not an empire, but rather a highly successful trade company with a large amount of cash, a fleet of ships, and even its own army. The East India Company continued to acquire more and more land throughout India over the course of several decades. The EIC had final authority over a significant section of India by the mid-eighteenth century.
However, how did a trade business come to rule India? How did this happen?
The following are the two main causes behind this: During the late 1700s and 1800s, the Mughal Empire, which controlled India, was on its deathbed. As a result, India became politically unstable and unable to mount a coordinated opposition against the British. Second, the EIC, together with the United Kingdom, had control of the troops and naval in South Asia. Having a powerful military helped the British to win several military successes in South Asia, particularly against the French, and to aid in the conquest of Mughal India. However, the dominance of Britain’s military forces in India was not founded on British troops. The EIC, like Britain, relied on the recruitment of native Indian soldiers known as Sepoys. During the colonial era, the Sepoys made up the majority of Britain’s military forces in India.
The 1857 rebellion, also known as the “First War of Independence,” was the result of a series of circumstances, but the major cause of the revolt was the issue of “greased cartridges.” The East India Company treated Indian and European troops differently and mistreated the latter. Though the soldiers were aware that the British were exploiting factors such as caste and religion against them, news of the newly imported Enfield P-53 guns, which used fat-derived ammunition from pigs and cattle, sparked a revolt. The fact that the soldiers had to bite the cartridge with their teeth to load the pistol didn’t sit well with both Hindu and Muslim troops, whose religious beliefs were offended. Soldiers believed the British were attempting to convert them to Christianity since eating pork and swallowing beef are both against Muslim and Hindu beliefs.
Many commanding authorities and officers were killed as the insurrection broke out. Following the carnage, the ousted Mughal Emperor was named India’s ruler by the Sepoys. The British responded quickly to put down the 1857 revolt before it could acquire traction. The insurgent army had been defeated by British soldiers since the end of the year. At least 800,000 people, including civilians, were killed in the 1857 rebellion. The British government took over the governance of India from the East India Company as a result of the revolt.
The 1857 revolt was the first major uprising against British rule. The conflict inspired future generations to fight for the independence of their homeland, India. Many groups and independent nationalist movements sprang up in the aftermath of this uprising, demanding rights and self-government for the Indians. From 1858, the British government and Queen Victoria had direct control over India. The British Raj is a term used to describe the direct British control that lasted for 100 years.
The Indian National Congress is formed as a result of the first freedom fighters and the rise of nationalism in British-ruled India!
Dadabhai Naoroji created the East India Association in 1867, while Surendranath Banerjee founded the Indian National Association in 1876. With a growing number of Indians demanding rights, a group of notable persons decided to build a platform to seek Indian self-rule and self-governance. In 1885, the Indian National Congress was formed as a result of all of this.
Given the British’s failure to meet the Congress’s moderate demands, several Indians began to question the moderate leaders of the Congress and advocated for a more revolutionary approach to dealing with the British, resulting in the formation of several revolutionary organizations that encouraged the use of violence and force. Socio-religious organizations such as the Brahmo Samaj and the Arya Samaj played an important role in raising awareness among Indians. The efforts of reformers like Subramanya Bharathi, Swami Vivekananda, and Rabindranath Tagore instilled in Indians a sense of nationalism. Bal Gangadhar Tilak and other radical leaders spent their entire lives fighting for India’s freedom.
The Muslim League’s Rise in India – Demands A Separate Muslim State In India Gain Steam!
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, an Indian Muslim pragmatist, Islamic reformist, and philosopher, organized the All India Muhammadan Educational Conference in 1886 to provide better education to Indian Muslims. Syed Ahmed Khan, the conference’s organizer, organized sessions to look at ways to improve the education of Indian Muslims. The attendees of this meeting resolved to form the ‘All India Muslim League’ in 1906. The Muslim majority in India supported the notion of a separate homeland for Muslims, and within a few years, many significant Muslim leaders joined the All India Muslim League and advocated for the establishment of another sovereign entity in which Muslims would be the majority.
Mahatma Gandhi Comes To India – Joins The Indian National Congress!
Gandhi was a smart man who had mastered the procedures of civil disobedience through nonviolent means while working as a barrister in South Africa. Because of Gandhi’s nonviolent actions, General Jan Smuts freed a large number of political prisoners in 1914. Inspired by Gandhi’s brilliance, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, a forefather of the Indian National Congress, invited Gandhi to visit India and join the national cause. Gandhi traveled to India and joined the Indian National Congress after saying ‘yes’ to Gopal Krishna Gokhale’s request. In 1917, he organized a Satyagraha movement and established a Satyagraha ashram. Gandhi led several nonviolent rallies, including fasting and Satyagraha, during the following three years. The Satyagraha and the Kheda Satyagraha were two of the first actions he took to put the Satyagraha concept into action to fight for the legal rights of peasants and farmers alike.
The Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) was founded in 1924, and fiery revolutionaries such as Bhagat Singh began to participate in different revolutionary operations. Alipore bomb plot, Chittagong armory raid, Kakori train heist, and Delhi-Lahore conspiracy case are some of the well-known revolutionary acts.
As the Second World War proceeded, Mohandas Gandhi intensified his calls for India’s independence. He started a movement known as the ‘Quit India Movement or ‘Bharat Chhodo Andolan,’ which called for the British colonial administration to resign and allow India total independence. Gandhi was captured by British officials in August 1942 as a result of this violent action and imprisoned for two years in the Aga Khan Palace in Pune. The Quit India Movement came to an end in 1943, when the British hinted that India’s people might be granted independence. Gandhi ended the Quit India Movement, resulting in the liberation of 100,000 political prisoners.
Independence and Partition of India on August 15, 1947:
Gandhi began the “Quit India” movement in 1942. Britain, which led the fight against Nazism in World War II with the assistance of 2.5 million Indian troops, promised to offer India complete freedom after the war. Following the Battle of Britain, Gandhi stated that he would not seek India’s freedom from the ashes of a shattered Britain. Britain was unable to overcome the growing clamor for Indian independence at the end of the war, and her empire was weakened as a result. Elections were dominated by Congress and the Muslim League. Clement Attlee, the current Prime Minister of the United Kingdom at the time, was also a proponent of India’s independence.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah was also advocating for an independent homeland for Indian Muslims at the time. So, in the midst of rising tensions and Jinnah’s pressure, the Mountbatten Plan, which partitioned British India along religious lines, was developed. However, the difficulty that being was that there have been a huge number of Muslims living in what might turn into a Hindu-larger part of India and an assortment of Sikhs and Hindus living in what might become a Muslim-greater part of Pakistan.
Sir Cyril Radcliffe, the leader of the Boundary Commission, recognized this and proposed the Radcliffe Line as a solution. As part of British India’s Punjab and Bengal provinces, the Radcliffe Line served as a dividing line between Indian and Pakistani parts. Just five days before the boundary was established, Cyril Radcliffe presented his design for the west and east boundaries.
The Indian Independence Act of 1947 had already been approved by the British Parliament, and on August 14, Pakistan became an independent state. Shortly after midnight on 15th August, India declared its independence!
India Independence Facts & FAQs:
Since 15 August 1947, India has been an independent country. Throughout the years, you may have heard stories about our beautiful nation India that include some remarkable truths and facts. Some poorly known facts concerning Indian independence will be revealed here.
- When is India Independence Day 2021?
- When Was India Declared Independent?
First Indian Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru declared India a completely independent state at midnight on August 15, 1947. Lord Mountbatten, the British viceroy at the time, came to Delhi on August 15 to celebrate India’s independence day.
- At What Time India Got Independence?
After the Indian Independence Act 1947 was passed by the British Parliament, Pakistan became an independent nation at 11:57 pm on August 14, 1947, and India became an independent nation at 12:02 am on August 15, 1947, shortly after midnight.
It was 12:02 a.m. on August 15, 1947, when India gained its freedom.
- How Many Years Did British Rule India?
For 100 years, the East India Company ruled India. British Raj ruled India for another 100 years. Around 200 years were spent by the British in charge of Indian affairs.
- Who Brought Independence To India?
Subhash Chandra Bose, Bhagat Singh, Chandrashekhar Azad, and many more Indian heroes fought tirelessly to achieve independence. As a result of S. C. BOSE’s formation of Azad Hind Fauj, both Sukhdev and Rajguru were hung to death to raise awareness among Indians. Since World War II severely damaged the British economy as well as their ability to control Indian military/naval/police personnel, it contributed to India’s eventual independence. It was then decided to grant India freedom.
- Who Announced Indian Independence?
The announcement of Indian independence was made by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister at 12:02 a.m. on August 15, 1947.
- When Was The First Independence Day Celebrated In India?
Jawaharlal Nehru’s address at midnight on India’s independence day. Indian national flag was raised over the Lahori Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi on 15 August 1947.
- India Independence Day vs India Republic Day: Are They Both The Same?
The 15th of August and the 26th of January each year mark India’s Independence Day and Republic Day. India gained independence from British control on August 15, 1947. The Indian Constitution was enacted on Republic Day on 26th January 1950.
- Which countries celebrate their independence day on the same day as India?
On the 15th of August, four more countries celebrate their independence.
1. The Republic of Congo
- Who Designed The Indian Flag and When? It features the Ashok Chakra.
The flag was created in 1916 by Pingali Venkayya, the originator of the Indian flag. The Congress of Pakistan used the multicolored banner he designed in Karachi in 1931, complete with a charkha in the center. With slight modifications, it was adopted as the national flag of India on July 22, 1947, when Ashok Chakra was substituted for the charkha. Amnesty International declared this flag to be India’s official flag on August 15, 1947.
- As part of the celebration of Independence Day, why do Indians fly kites?
On Independence Day, Indians continue to fly kites with tremendous passion. Indians protested in 1927 against the Simon Commission by chanting, “Go Back Simon” (Go Simon Go). Since then, kite flying has been a tradition for Indians to commemorate their freedom from British control.
India Independence Day Celebrations And Activities 2021:
Find out how India Independence Day is celebrated in India and in other countries where Indians are in the majority. India’s Independence Day is the perfect opportunity to rekindle your love for the country, whose grandeur resides in her past and which continues to thrive now. On this day, we may study and appreciate India’s shrewdness and what it has to give the globe to improve our own lives and become constructive contributors to our community!
India’s Independence Day is celebrated on August 15th. A particular honor and reverence are paid to India’s historic leaders and freedom warriors who fought for India’s freedom from British domination. As part of this celebration, the tricolor flag is raised on all important government buildings in India, as well as residences and other structures. Indian Independence Day is celebrated with competitions, morning shows, and articles in the print media and broadcast media. Television also broadcasts movies on India’s freedom warriors.
- There is an official address given by the president on the night of Indian Independence Day, known as “Address to the Nation,” which is carried on every Indian news station. A general salute is given to the Indian prime minister by the Guard of Honor, which is made up of officers from the Indian military’s three branches (Army, Air Force, and Navy) and the Delhi Police. As part of the celebration of India’s independence, the Prime Minister hoists the national flag and delivers a special address.
- A 21-gun salute and a poignant rendition of Jana Gana Mana — India’s national anthem — precede the raising of India’s national flag by its prime minister. To remind Indians of the nation’s battle for independence, Prime Minister addresses the nation and reflects on the events that paved the way for India’s sovereignty before concluding his remarks with a note on the future of the nation. During the occasion, gallantry awards and police medals are given to Indian troops and policemen who have displayed remarkable courage.
- A march past led by the Indian Military and Paramilitary Forces and performances by school kids is scheduled for later in the day during India’s independence festivities.
- A similar ceremony is held in every state of India. The national anthem is performed as the flag of India is unfurled by the chief minister of each state capital in India. Flag-raising ceremonies, cultural events, and independence-themed celebrations are held by government and non-government organizations, schools, colleges, and housing projects. Throughout the day, patriotic songs such as “Chak De India” are played over loudspeakers.
- There are cultural initiatives and flag-raising events at schools and universities in the nation’s capital city.
- Many people spend their days with friends or family members, and this is not uncommon. An excursion to a recreation facility, a movie, or a meal at home or in a restaurant might be on their list of activities.
- Others do kite flying or chant or listen to patriotic music and melodies on Indian Independence Day. Kite flying is a popular pastime in many Indian cities, especially in the north and central regions, since it embodies the spirit of pleasure and freedom. ‘Go Back Simon’ was the phrase used by Indians in 1927 as a protest against British rule. A kite flying ritual was born, which continues to this day. Hundreds of kites in the colors of the Indian flag can be seen soaring across the beautiful skies.
- Indian highways, streets, and towns are decorated with the tri-color national flag on August 15 to commemorate the country’s freedom day.
- People can be seen selling pennants, flags, dupattas, hats, and costumes that are suited for the event. Also, shopping centers, street stores, and residences are decorated in similar tri-colors. During Independence Day, Indian television stations show special documentaries and patriotic films that celebrate the country’s independence.
- Delhi, home to the Red Fort, a seventeenth-century political center of old Indian pioneers, is the main festival zone for Independence Day festivities in India.
- The Wagah Border Ceremony in Amritsar is also part of the India Independence Day celebrations. This is a free entry 45-minute event that includes dancing and sword fighting. The program concludes with a procession and the lowering of the flag. India and Pakistan also released civilian detainees imprisoned in their jails as a gesture of goodwill ahead of Independence Day celebrations in both countries.
- People organize picnics with their families because the 15th of August is a national holiday in India. Indian ladies cook delectable Indian cuisine and sweets for get-togethers and celebrations. The tricolor of India is also painted on many vehicles such as automobiles, scooters, and bikes.
- People also play games and puzzles which are on independence day topic.
- People also share Happy India Independence Day Wishes Messages with Images with their families and friends on 15th August.
India Independence Day Celebration Ideas 2021 For Home Decor, Office, Special Independence Day Recipes, And Outfits:
Here in this section, you will find some great India Independence Day Celebration Ideas 2021 for home, office, outfits, and special recipes. Let’s have a look at these ideas:
- India Independence Day Dress Up Ideas:
- This Independence Day, both women and men can improve their look by wearing a simple kurta in white, orange, or green. You just need to match this kurta with the other two colors of the flag to complete the appearance. For a patriotic but trendy look on 15th August, you may dye a simple white dupatta the color of the Indian flag and wear it as a headpiece.
- Young girls can search their mother’s closet to discover the green sari. Combine it with a white crop top or shirt and orange kolhapuris to finish the look.
- It’s also possible to acquire bangles in the colors of the Indian flag in case you don’t have enough time to browse for tri-colored clothing.
- A unique suggestion for women on how to dress for Indian Independence Day is that you need to take a basic white saree and wear it the way it in traditional style. On the pallu, pin two dupattas in orange and green, leaving a white stripe in the center. Wear a blue pendant on your neck or a blue bracelet on a long chain to imitate the Ashoka Chakra. With your gorgeous pallu, you’ll look amazing!
- Indian Independence Day Recipes 2021:
This India Independence Day, these are some of the greatest dishes to try:
- Tricolor Sandwich
- Tricolor Pulao
- Tricolor Chicken Dumplings
- Tricolor Samosa Pinwheel Bites
- Tricolor Dosa
- Tricolor Cakes
- Marinated paneer or chicken tikkas are covered in three distinct colors.
- Indian Independence Day Ideas For Office Decoration:
- Balloon Decoration
- Exterior Decoration
- Tri-Color Drapes & Rangoli Decoration
- This India Independence Day, you may show your patriotic feelings with a variety of DIY ideas and designs. Families may participate in the decorating process, exchanging ideas, and creating the perfect Indian settings.